The 5 Phases in Construction Management

Construction management is defined as a skilled service that applies specialized project management methods to supervise a project’s planning, layout and construction from its creation to its end. The construction management of all building projects usually consists of 5 main phases:

1. Initiation

A business case for analyzing the project’s feasibility should be compiled by the construction manager prior to starting a building project. Many projects require a feasibility report which once submitted allows the different sides of the project to determine whether proceeding with the plan is actually a good idea. If each party agrees that the project should go on, a Project Initiation Document (PID) is put together by the construction manager which encompasses the business’ needs and scope.

2. Planning

This phase involves establishing the core guidelines. A Project Management Plan (PMP) is constructed by the project manager which contains information concerning several crucial features of the project including cost estimations and an execution roadmap. The challenge faced in planning is that it is a lengthy process which never really ends due to the fact that multiple project alterations will occur right up to the completion of the project. Construction software makes construction planning much cheaper and easier.
Documentation is heavily applied in the planning phase and requires four distinct types of documents:

  • A communication plan which covers the different facets of communication so as to ensure the smooth flow of information when executing the project.
  • A scope document which includes and thoroughly analyzes the key elements, needs,
    advantages and purpose of the project.
  • Work breakdown structure (WBS) which represents the whole project’s scope in a manner that is understandable and straightforward.
  • Risk management plan which lays out the potential threats the project could face.

3. Execution

This is the phase where the construction project’s execution begins and involves two distinctive processes : the project monitoring and controlling, and the project execution. The project team in this phase continuously guarantees that each task is progressing as scheduled with regular meetings held to cover each aspect of the construction proceeding. For further information, visit Baycrest for more insights and resources.

4. Monitoring

Most of the construction manager’s time is devoted to conducting the project and using whatever issues
and changes that may have emerged to readjust the schedule of project, allowing them to maintain control of the project.

5. Closure

This is the final phase of the project and represents the project’s completion and delivery. The construction manager in this phase examines whether the initial objectives of the project were met and the level of success of the project’s initial budget estimation, and finally compiles a report that presents the final result of the project. This can be a helpful source of knowledge in future building projects.